A web server is a computer that runs websites. ... A Domain Name Server (DNS) converts this URL to an IP Address (For example 192.168. 216.345), which in turn points to a Web Server. The Web Server is requested to present the content website to the user's browser.This intercommunication is done using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). These web pages are mostly static content that includes HTML documents, images, style sheets, test etc. Apart from HTTP, a web server also supports SMTP (Simple Mail transfer Protocol) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol) protocol for emailing and for file transfer and storage.
There are so many web server softwares available now. From that, Apache web server, Nginx web server and Apache Tomcat etc…are good web servers.
I prefer you to use Apache web server because it can be easily installed and supported on all Operating Systems like Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, Windows etc . It is also an open source software and is more stable. You can add and modify modules according to your needs.
The main job of a web server is to display the website content. If a web server is not exposed to the public and is used internally, then it is called Intranet Server. When anyone requests for a website by adding the URL or web address on a web browser’s (like Chrome or Firefox) address bar (like , the browser sends a request to the Internet for viewing the corresponding web page for that address. A Domain Name Server (DNS) converts this URL to an IP Address (For example 192.168.216.345), which in turn points to a Web Server.
The Web Server is requested to present the content website to the user’s browser. All websites on the Internet have a unique identifier in terms of an IP address. This Internet Protocol address is used to communicate between different servers across the Internet. These days, Apache server is the most common web server available in the market. Apache is an open source software that handles almost 70 percent of all websites available today. Most of the web-based applications use Apache as their default Web Server environment. Another web server that is generally available is Internet Information Service (IIS). IIS is owned by Microsoft.
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